The Director of Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases (P2PTM), Ministry of Health (Kemenkes), Eva Susanti revealed that chronic kidney disease is the 10th most common cause of death in Indonesia, namely 42 thousand based on the Global Burden of Disease report, 2019.
The results of the Basic Health Research survey in 2018 showed the prevalence of chronic kidney disease was 3.8 percent or 739,208 people, an increase compared to 2013 which was recorded at two percent.
In terms of age, the highest prevalence of chronic kidney disease was in the age range of 65-74 years (8.23 percent), over the age of 75 years (7.48 percent) and aged 55 to 64 years (7.21 percent). Even so, the prevalence of this case is also quite high at the age of 35 to 44 years, namely 3.31 percent.
“We know that Indonesia is currently facing a demographic bonus. If we look at the data, at the age of 35, it is almost the same as the general prevalence, 3.31. . We have to be aware of this,” said Eva Susanti in a press conference to commemorate World Kidney Day 2023, Tuesday (7/3).
World Kidney Day is celebrated every second Thursday of every year, which this year falls on March 9, 2023.
Management of kidney failure occupies the fourth position in the financing of catastrophic diseases, namely 1.9 trillion rupiah as of 30 November 2022. Catastrophic diseases, according to the website of the Social Security Administration Agency (BPJS), are diseases that require long and high-cost medical care.
According to the Ministry of Health, the function of the kidneys is to dispose of metabolic waste in the body. All processes in the body will be excreted through the liver and kidneys, disposal from the kidneys is channeled through the urine while disposal from the liver is through the anus.
The function of the kidneys apart from producing urine is to regulate fluid balance, for example when the temperature is cold the body will urinate more often, but if the air temperature is hot the body will feel dehydrated.
Risk factors for chronic kidney disease include type 2 diabetes, hypertension, kidney inflammation, and drug use, psychotropics and addictive substances.
The Ministry of Health promotes ‘smart and obedient’ behavior to prevent kidney disease, including regular health checks, diligent physical activity, taking proper and regular medication, and avoiding cigarette smoke, alcohol and carcinogenic substances or substances that can cause cancer.
“Strong commitment and continuous efforts to educate the public are our shared responsibility, contributions from all related sectors so that people are more familiar with risk factors and can prevent chronic kidney disease,” said Eva Susanti
Early Detection of Kidney Disorders
Public Relations Manager of the Indonesian Nephrology Association (PB Pernefri), Wachid Putranto revealed that the causes of chronic kidney disease include: diabetes mellitus or diabetes, hypertension or high blood pressure. In addition, there is a habit in the community of trying to self-medicate when complaining of aching rheumatic pain and gout with over-the-counter medicines, even though it is very dangerous for kidney health if done for a long time.
“Some of the patients I met started to have kidney damage as a result of painkillers and gout medications,” said Wachid Putranto in the same event.
He explained that for early detection of kidney disorders, you need to be vigilant if you urinate foamy, red in color and suffer from high blood pressure (hypertension) during a medical examination.
“One thing that is unpleasant is that patients with kidney disorders are often asymptomatic. The appearance of these symptoms occurs at an advanced stage, usually stage four and stage five. So, this is what makes it important for us to carry out early detection, “said Wachid.
Early detection of kidney disorders, according to Wachid, will enable efforts to reduce risk factors so that they do not develop into chronic kidney disease that cannot be cured.
According to Wachid, the community can do early detection of kidney disorders through urine examination at first-level health facilities which are guaranteed in terms of costs in health insurance services by the Social Security Administration Agency (BPJS). [yl/em]
This Heathy news provides basic information abouty Preventing Chronic Kidney Disease Through Early Detection from VOA Be healthy together, find more health information only at Potpoury
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